Earthquake in Nepal
Earthquake in Nepal.Nepal is country with diverse landform. Basically, divided into three different geographical structures: Terai, Himalayan and hilly, Nepal stands with contrasting constituent of landmass, climatic condition. But this contrasting landform and geographical presence has brought both significant advantages as well as disadvantages. Nepal has diverse vegetation due to different land structure but also has geographical inconsistencies. As per the geographical analysis, the high standing hills and mountains of Nepal are all result of intense geographical conflicts like earthquake, volcanic eruptions and other geographical phenomena which clearly shows why Nepal is so vulnerable when it comes to Earthquake.
Nepal has deadly history when it comes to Earthquake. Years 1934 and 2015 shall be those among unforgettable ones when it comes to discussion and illustration about Earthquake in Nepal. Both the earthquake brought huge damage. Thousands lost lives while properties worth billions turned down. It did not only affect Nepal but also brought severe damage and loss to neighboring territories as Earthquakes spread over a large geographical area. With numbers of earthquakes occurring in Nepal and regions nearby, Nepal has been a very vulnerable nation to earthquake. Moreover, Nepal is poor in terms of infrastructure and economy which makes it further weaker to defend from possible damages.
With the Himalayas standing high, there is a clear result drawn, Nepal might face more earthquakes in near future. The mountains of Nepal are experiencing increase in height by 1 cm every year due to constant struggle of the Indian and Eurasian plates. The plates have been studied to be converging and experiencing faults time and often giving raise to earthquakes we recently experienced. This makes Nepal a seismically active region. This also makes it necessary for Nepal to stay alert with all the necessary measures taught to the people. Buildings in Nepal are not made with strong engineering which automatically becomes more threatening for lives. Town planning have not been done well and population distribution in uneven. This makes resource allocation also uneven. This was the very reason why it was so difficult to manage lives in and around the Kathmandu valley after April and May earthquake.
Earthquake cannot be prevented however; necessary measures can be taken in order to minimize the destructions. Something that has to be understood every now and then is the long term effect of the earthquake is even greater than the immediate effect. The bases of the buildings weaken, the soil and land structures also loosen up and they could bring about more severe damages in future. In many cases, earthquakes are followed by other natural calamities like landslides, soil erosion bringing more threats and loss. So, it is really very essential to study whether the buildings and structures are safe enough to let them stand. Or, they might need to be demolished to prevent further loss of lives.
When was the earthquake in Nepal?
The April 2015 Nepal earthquake (also known as the Gorkha earthquake) killed more than 8,800 people and injured more than 23,000. It occurred at 11:56 NST on 25 April, with a magnitude of 7.8Mw or 8.1Ms and a maximum Mercalli Intensity of IX (Violent).
How many people have died due to Earthquake in Nepal?
The death toll from April 2015’s massive earthquake in Nepal has surpassed 8,800 plus Nepal’s National Emergency Operation Centre said . In total, 8800 people, including at least 54 foreigners, have died from the magnitude-7.8 earthquake, the agency said. At least 14,000 others were injured.
When did the earthquake in Nepal happen?
The massive earthquakes that hit Nepal on April 25th (Baisakh 12) and May 12th(Baisakh 29) —measuring magnitude 7.8 and 7.3 respectively—took place, as most large earthquakes do, on a boundary between two of the Earth’s tectonic plates—in this case, the Indo-Australian plate and the Eurasian plate.
What are the causes of earthquake in Nepal?
The shaking motion of an earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy. Earthquakes are caused when stress, building up within rocks of the earth’s crust, is released in a sudden jolt. Rocks crack and slip past each other causing the ground to vibrate. Cracks along which rocks slip are called faults.
It has also to be understood that earthquake is a natural phenomenon. In underdeveloped countries like Nepal, such calamities are often talked about being wrath of gods or curse from deities which makes situation during and after the quakes even more severe. People are also reported to have lost life for not looking for safe places rather closing themselves in temples and other religious places. It is good to have religious belief but having misconception could be dangerous. So, such phenomena are felt to have been more dangerous in socially and religiously bound and economically poor countries like Nepal. After April and May Earthquakes, Nepal has been pushed several years back when it comes to development as people shall struggle more on resettlement and healing from traumas and it shall take Nepalese some time to get back into development.